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Kanchipuram

Spiritual temple trips to temples in kanchipuram india

Travel to Kanchipuram to visit temples of Kanchipuram built by the rulers of various dynasties, each elevating and refining the Dravidian architecture. Kanchipuram Temple tours offers a celestial touring experience and showcases architectural excellence of Kanchipuram temples of Kailasanatha Temple, Kamakshi Amman Temple, Devarajaswami Temple and Vaikuntha Perumal Temple redefining artistic brilliance with blissful homage to divinity. Travel to Kanchipuram picking up the best deals on Kanchipuram Temple tours offering complete Kanchipuram travel guide for reclusive holiday in Kanchipuram.

Kanchipuram (short form "Kanchi", earlier also anglicized Conjeevaram) is a city in the south Indian state Tamil Nadu. It lies at a small tributary of the Palar at the Coromandel Coast, approximately 21 miles southwest of Chennai. The population is over 155,400 (January 2006). Kanchipuram, one of the oldest cities of south India, is among the seven holy places of Hinduism. Shiva and Vishnu are revered here equally.

Kanchipuram existed already in the pre-Christian period. In the 3rd century BC, the Andhra Pradesh archaic Pallava dynasty extended its territory to the Kanchipuram city and chose it as their capital. The Pallavas were themselves the patronizer of the Hinduism, nevertheless Kanchipuram was also an important center of the Mahayana Buddhism and Jainismus. The Chinese monk Xuan Zang, who visited Kanchipuram in the 7th century, reported 80 Hindu temples in the city and a large Buddhist monastery. Today severl of the temples out of 7th and 8th century are still located within the city. In addition, Kanchipuram was an important site of the Sanskrit and Tamil learning.

After the conquest through the Chola dynasty in the 9th century, Kanchipuram lost admittedly its roll as a ruler seat, remained however an important religious center. From the 13th century, it experienced frequent ruler changes: the Chola following Pandya, the Chalukya of Badami and the Vijayanagar Empire. At the end of the 18th century, Kanchipuram was part of the British East India Company.

Kanchipuram is also well known as the "City of Thousand Temples". Today approximately 200 Hindu temples are preserved, including several exceptional temples built during the heyday of the Pallava dynasty in the 7th and 8th century. Over 1000 temples stood in Kanchipuram, of which 124 exist yet today. The Gopurams, typical south Indian temple towers, are still seen from afar. Pilgrims always visit Kanchi.

The most important business of the city is the manufacture of Silk Saris, mostly with handlooms. Most silk weavers are organized in unions. Tourism is also of great importance.

Important Temples in Kanchipuram

Ekambaresvara temple

The largest temple of Kanchipuram originates from the Vijayanagar epoch. It was built in 1509 in honor of Shiva around a holy mango tree. The 29-foot-high Gopuram over the south gate is typical for the later Dravidian architecture. The actual shrine lies in one of the five patios of the complex and comprises two entrance halls. On the several hectares large compound, there are numerous smaller shrines as well as two ponds. The Temple interior is impassable for non-Hindus, but visitors can walk around the complex to the temple pond with the holy fishes and to the holy mango tree, that carries at four branches four different mango fruits which symbolize the four Vedas (holy writings).

Kailasanatha temple

The oldest of all yet-preserved temples is the Kailasanatha temple made of sandstone and dedicated to Lord Shivas. It was built toward the end of the 7th century under further development of the Mamallapuram architecture. Until today, it experienced hardly any structural changes and is one of the most exceptional examples of the early Hindu temple architecture in the south Indian Dravidian style. Although the sandstone decorations are weather-beaten, the wall paintings out of the edification period in the interior of the temple are well preserved, which impart an impression of former splendor.

Vaigunda Perumal Temple

This temple, erected in the 8th century, is a good example of the more mature architectures of the Pallava period. It is dedicated to God Vishnu, who is represented in the rooms: one superimposed on the other, as a sculpture standing, sitting and/or lying. Especially skillful are the lion-decorated porticoes of the entrance hall. Relief along the boundary wall of the temple tell the story of the Pallava dynasty.

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